Pay and Benefits for Federal Employees

Learn more about pay and benefits for federal employees.

Pay Scales and Benefits for Federal Employees and Congress

All federal employees hired after 1983 pay Social Security taxes, including the President, the Vice President, members of Congress, sitting federal judges, certain legislative branch employees, and most political appointees. The government collects these taxes in the same amounts as they would if these employees worked in the private sector at the same salary level.

Federal Employees

For more information about federal pay scales and benefits, contact the Office of Personnel Management (OPM).


For more information about Congressional salaries and benefits, contact the U.S. Senate and/or the U.S. House of Representatives.


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Benefit Programs for Federal Employees and Survivors

For information on and help with federal benefits, contact your agency's personnel/human resources office or call the Office of Personnel Management (OPM).

Visit OPM's Healthcare and Insurance website to sign up for benefits, find forms, and get answers to frequently asked questions about insurance programs.

For information about specific programs:

Enroll or Change Benefits

  • If you are a current employee, you can only enroll in or change your federal employee benefits during open season, unless you experience a qualifying life event, such as marriage.
  • New employees can enroll in benefits outside of open season.

Retirees and Survivors

Federal retirees and their survivors are also eligible for these benefit programs. For further help with benefits, contact OPM about retirement services.

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Civil Service Retirement

If you are a federal employee planning to retire or you are a federal retiree looking for information about your benefits, the U.S. Office of Personnel Management (OPM)'s Retirement website offers a variety of information to help you:

Combine Military Service and Civil Service Retirement

Military service does not automatically count toward civil service retirement, but you can buy into (buy back) the civil service retirement fund for military service performed after 1956. A few items that you should take into consideration: the date you came under the civil service system and whether or not you are eligible for Social Security.

Contact OPM's Retirement Operations Center

Learn how to contact OPM's Retirement Operations Center.

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Pension Benefits for Government Employees, Military, and Veterans

Federal Government Employees

If you are a federal employee, you may be eligible for retirement, survivor, disability, and death benefits through the Office of Personnel Management (OPM).

If you are a federal retiree with questions about your retirement benefits, contact OPM's Retirement Operations Center.

State or Local Government Employees

If you are a state or local government employee and have questions about your pension plan, contact your agency's personnel department. You can also contact the Employee Benefits Security Administration (ESBA) for help.

Military Retirees

If you are a military retiree of the Army, Air Force, Marine Corps, or Navy, contact the Defense Finance and Accounting Service  (DFAS) for questions about your pension benefits.

If you are a Coast Guard military retiree, contact the Coast Guard Pay & Personnel Center.


If you are a low-income wartime veteran, you may qualify for a veterans pension. You can contact the Department of Veterans Affairs to learn more.

Pension Taxes

The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) offers an online tool and an online publication to help you determine whether or not your pension or annuity payment is taxable.

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