Fuel and Energy for Homes and Vehicles

Answers to common questions about fuel and energy for transportation and the home.

Energy Efficiency Resources

Learn tips on saving energy in the home and workplace by visiting the following websites and resources:

Energy Efficiency at Home

Energy Efficiency in the Workplace, Commercial Buildings, and Manufacturing Plants

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Energy Tax Incentives

If you purchase energy efficient appliances or make energy saving improvements to your home or business, you can save money on your utility bills. You can also save more money on these purchases, in the form of tax incentives, such as tax credits and rebates, or sales tax holidays. Use these databases to find out if you qualify for state, local, utility, and federal incentives:

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Find Alternative Fuel Vehicles and Alternative Fuels

Alternative Fuel Vehicles

Learn about alternative fuel vehicles:

Alternative and Advanced Fuel Locator

Visit the alternative fueling station locator to:

  • Search for alternative fueling stations near you.
  • Map a route that includes alternative fueling stations along the way.

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Gas Price Gouging

After an emergency, such as a hurricane or tornado, gas stations may raise gas prices to levels that are very high, unreasonable, and unfair. This is called price gouging and it is illegal. If you believe that you are a victim of price gouging, contact your state attorney general.

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Reasons for Changes in Gas Prices

Have you ever wondered why gas prices at your local gas station change over the months, or why the price of gas in your city is different from prices across the country? Several factors affect the price you pay at the pump for gas.

Crude Oil Prices

There is a limited supply of crude oil, the main ingredient for the gas that is used in cars. If demand for this oil increases or there is a shortage in the amount available (due to natural disasters or political unrest in the areas that produce the oil), then the price of fuel for your car may also increase.

Refineries and Transportation

After companies drill for crude oil, they refine it or put it through several chemical processes so that it can be turned into fuel for your car. The refined crude oil is then transported to each region of the country through pipelines and tanker trucks. The refining and transporting costs are passed on to you.

Many oil refineries are in the southern part of the U.S., near the Gulf of Mexico. Since it costs more to transport the fuel farther distances, the gas prices in the states that are farther away may be higher than the gas prices in states that are closer to the refineries.


In the late spring and summer months, there are more steps involved in the refining of the crude oil that makes it more expensive. The higher costs of refining often lead to higher gas prices, especially in the summer. Some states also require additional chemicals to be included in the fuel that is sold in their state, which also can add to the cost. 


The price per gallon of gas includes taxes from federal, state, county and city governments. There can be differences in gas prices because of the state and local taxes.

Local Factors

In areas with few gas stations, gas prices tend to be more expensive than in areas with several stations nearby. Each gas station operator is responsible for paying rental costs, franchising fees, and staff salaries. Business costs can cause price differences between stations, even if they are near each other. If you participate in a station's loyalty program or cents off of the gallon promotions, that could help you save money on fuel. Some stations offer a discount if you pay with cash instead of a debit or credit card. 

Find the lowest gas prices in your area, using Fueleconomy.gov's gas price tool.

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