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How to Become President of the U.S. Poster Lesson Plan

The How to Become Presidents of the U.S. Poster is available to download.


Learn about the U.S. Presidential election process.

  • List the three main Constitutional qualifications for becoming President of the United States.
  • Conduct background research on a candidate and present information to the class in order to be an informed participant in a mock primary election.
  • Analyze and compare election campaigns in order to create their own campaign commercial or advertisement.
  • Participate in a mock general election.
  • Determine how many states are needed for their candidate to win the Presidency.


  • NCSS Standard: VI. Power, Authority, & Government
  • NCSS Standard: X. Civic Ideals & Practices

Time Required: 1-2 Days

Recommended Grade Level: 4-9

Topics: Government, History

Constitutional Qualifications for President

Objective: Students will be able to list the three Constitutional qualifications for President and evaluate a candidate's eligibility.


  • The instructor should gather a list of people ahead of time that the students could research to determine their eligibility for the Presidency. Examples include celebrities, sports figures, or politicians.
  • Students should read Article II Section 1 of the Constitution to determine the 3 Constitutional qualifications.
  • Students should use a variety of resources to determine if the person meets the Constitutional qualifications for President.
  • Results should be shared with the class.

Extension Activity: Research qualifications for leadership in other countries. How does it compare to the United States?


Primaries and Caucuses

Objective: Students will conduct background research on a candidate and present information to the class in order to be an informed participant in a mock primary election.


  • Choose at least three candidates from both major political parties and divide the class into groups to research the candidates.
  • Groups should create a presentation that includes basic biographical information on the candidate, as well as at least three major issues the candidate supports.
  • Groups should present their information to the class.
  • Following the presentations, students should be divided into the major political parties. Students should receive ballots according to the party they are sorted in and should vote to determine the winners of the primary election.

Extension Activity: Research individual state requirements on primary election and caucus requirements. What are the restrictions, if any, on participating and on voting?


National Conventions and Campaigning

Objective: Students will be able to analyze and compare election campaigns in order to create their own campaign commercial or advertisement


  • Analyze the campaigns of current or past candidates (examples include websites, social media, mailings, and videos).
  • Students should compare the campaign tactics. What is similar between candidates? What is different?
  • Students should record examples of techniques they think are effective.
  • Students should create a campaign commercial or advertisement to promote a candidate of their choice.

Extension Activity:

  • Research the importance of geography to a campaign. Why are swing states important? Why do some locations get more campaign stops than other locations?
  • Research the qualifications for Vice President. What are some of the reasons that people are selected to be a running mate in an election?


How to Become Presidents of the U.S. Poster - USAGov
The Living Room Candidate
Election of the President - Ben's Guide

General Election

Objective: Students will participate in a mock general election.


  • Review when the General Election day occurs. The instructor may wish to show images of people going to the polls to vote as well as to show images of voting machines.
  • Explain how the General Election is the popular vote - it is who the people believe should be President.
  • Pass out ballots with the winners from the primary election. Allow students to vote in a mock General Election.
  • Ask students if this is the last stop in the election process. Explain that there is one more step.

Extension Activity: Research the different controversies surrounding voting machines, ballots, absentee ballots, etc.


Electoral College

Objective: Students will determine how many states are needed for their candidate to win in order to win the Presidency.


  • Once students have determined the appropriate number of states, have students explain the difference between the General Election and the Electoral College vote.

Extension Activities:

  • Have students research which party states have historically sided with and incorporate that information into their map when deciding how many states the candidate needs to win.
  • Have students research elections where a candidate won the popular vote but lost the electoral vote.


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