Skip to main content

Become a U.S. citizen through naturalization

Naturalization is the process of voluntarily becoming a United States citizen. Learn about the steps that lead to U.S. citizenship, including the naturalization test.

What are the requirements for U.S. citizenship?

To be eligible for U.S. citizenship, you must meet certain eligibility requirements. These include being:

  • At least 18 years old when you apply
  • Able to read, write, and speak basic English (depending on age)
  • Of good moral character

You must also be in one of these categories:

How to apply for U.S. citizenship

Follow the 10-step naturalization process from the U.S. Citizenship and Immigration Services (USCIS). You will learn:

  • If you are eligible for naturalization
  • How to fill out Form N-400 to apply for naturalization
  • What to do before taking the oath of citizenship

Prepare for your interview and citizenship test

This video shows you what takes place during a naturalization interview and helps you prepare for it.

For most people, one of the requirements during the interview is taking the 2008 U.S. naturalization test. The test has two parts: a civics test (U.S. history and government) and an English test.

Find study resources for the test:

If you meet certain age or disability qualifications, you may not have to take the civics or English test. Find out who may be exempt from the civics or English sections of the test (see Part B).

LAST UPDATED: December 12, 2023


Have a question?

Ask a real person any government-related question for free. They will get you the answer or let you know where to find it.