Federal Student Financial Aid and the FAFSA
What help is available?
You can find grants and scholarships, student loans, and work-study programs through Federal Student Aid (FSA) to help pay for college or career school.
Am I eligible?
Eligibility requirements for federal student aid include:
Being a U.S. citizen or an eligible noncitizen
Being in good standing on any federal student loans you may have
Being in or accepted for an eligible degree or certificate program
Maintaining adequate academic progress
Note: This is not a complete list. Review all eligibility requirements.
How do I apply?
Know the deadlines for submitting a Free Application for Federal Student Aid (FAFSA). The federal deadline for the 2018–19 school year is June 30, 2019. Many states and colleges use the FAFSA for their financial aid programs. Those deadlines vary.
Create an FSA ID account if you’re going to submit your FAFSA online or track its status online. If you’re going to submit a paper FAFSA by mail and won’t be tracking its status, you won’t need an FSA ID.
Complete and submit the FAFSA.
Know what happens after you submit the FAFSA. This includes:
Learning how to correct or update information on it.
Finding out how and when you’ll get your aid.
How do I check the status of an application?
You can check the status of your FAFSA:
You can check by:
How do I complain?
Who do I contact for extra help?
Visit the FSA Contact Us page for a detailed guide listing phone numbers and other ways to reach experts about federal student aid, FAFSA, loans and loan consolidation, and more.
Is there anything else I need to know?
Understand the tax benefits available for higher education.
Types of Student Loans
When you are exploring ways to pay for college, career, or technical schools, you may consider taking out a student loan—money you borrow to help you cover your education expenses and that you must pay back with interest.
Student loans originate from the federal government (called “federal student loans”) or from private sources, such as a bank, credit union, state agency, or school. Learn the differences between federal and private loans before considering a loan.
Federal Student Loans
If you need to borrow money to pay for college or career school, start with the more affordable federal student loan:
Types of Federal Student Loan Programs - The William D. Ford Federal Direct Loan (Direct Loan) Program offers four types of Direct Loans:
- Direct Subsidized Loans are made to eligible undergraduate students based on financial need.
- Direct Unsubsidized Loans are made to eligible undergraduate, graduate, and professional students, and are not based on financial need.
- Direct PLUS Loans are made to graduate or professional students and parents of dependent undergraduate students.
- Direct Consolidation Loans allow you to combine all of your eligible federal student loans into a single loan with a single loan servicer.
The Federal Perkins Loan Program is administered through the schools, and awarded to undergraduates and graduate students with exceptional financial need. If you are eligible, you should take this loan first.
Eligibility - You must be enrolled at a school that participates in the school loan program, and meet the general eligibility requirements.
How to apply - Complete the Free Application for Federal Student Aid or FAFSA. Watch this video to learn more about what happens after submitting your FAFSA.
Private Student Loans
Before taking a private loan, make sure you need it. These loans generally are not as affordable as federal student loans, and offer little repayment flexibility. Read these tips before getting a private loan.
Learn more about student loans, and how to identify deceptive private loan practices.