The U.S. Department of Justice (DOJ) Disability Rights Section provides information about the federal guidelines established in the ADA through a toll-free information line: 1-800-514-0301 (TTY: 1-800-514-0383). This service permits businesses, state and local governments, and individuals to call and ask questions about general or specific ADA requirements and regulations, including questions about the ADA Standards for Accessible Design, as well as filing an ADA compliance complaint.
Visit the following resources for more information:
The U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) partners with other federal agencies to enforce regulations that implement environmental laws enacted by Congress. State agencies enforce regulations that implement environmental laws enacted by state legislatures. To protect human health and the environment, these laws and regulations span several areas.
Environmental Issues Handled by EPA
EPA addresses several issues, from setting limits on certain air pollutants to enforcing federal clean water and safe drinking laws. In addition, EPA enforces federal regulations to reduce the impact of businesses on the environment.
Some environmental issues are primarily concerns of other federal, tribal, state, or local agencies.
Many wildlife concerns relate to the destruction of wetlands. The U.S. Army Corps of Engineers determines whether an area is a wetland and issues permits for use in such an area. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service (FWS) primarily manages the Endangered Species Act. It provides a program for the conservation of threatened and endangered plants and animals as well as their habitats.
Issues Relating to Tribal, State, and Local Agencies
Many environmental programs have been delegated to the states and they have primary responsibility over them. In addition, some environmental laws and regulations apply to tribal government operations.
Under the Constitution, the House of Representatives has the sole power to impeach a government official, in effect serving as prosecutor. The Senate then holds the impeachment trial, essentially serving as jury and judge, except in the impeachment of a president, when the U.S. Supreme Court Chief Justice presides.
The House has initiated impeachment proceedings more than 60 times but less than a third have led to full impeachments. Just eight—all federal judges—have been convicted and removed from office by the Senate. Outside of the 15 federal judges impeached by the House, two Presidents (Andrew Johnson in 1868 and William Jefferson (Bill) Clinton in 1998), a cabinet secretary (William Belknap in 1876), and a U.S. Senator (William Blount of North Carolina in 1797) have also been impeached.
Impeachment can occur at the state level for state officials, including governors, through a state's legislature. Many county and municipal governments also have procedures for impeachment.
Federal laws generally apply to people living in the United States and its territories.
Congress creates and passes bills. The President then signs those bills into law. Federal courts may review these laws and strike them down if they think they do not agree with the U.S. Constitution.
Find Federal Laws
The United States Code contains the general and permanent laws of the United States. It does not include regulations issued by executive branch agencies, decisions of federal courts, treaties, or laws enacted by state or local governments.
Regulations are issued by federal agencies, boards, or commissions. They explain how the agency intends to carry out a law.
The Rulemaking Process
Federal regulations are created through a process known as rulemaking.
By law, federal agencies must consult the public when creating, modifying, or deleting rules in the Code of Federal Regulations. This is an annual publication that lists the official and complete text of federal agency regulations.
Once an agency decides that a regulation needs to be added, changed, or deleted, it typically publishes a proposed rule in the Federal Register to ask the public for comments.
After the agency considers public feedback and makes changes where appropriate, it then publishes a final rule in the Federal Register with a specific date for when the rule will become effective and enforceable.
When the agency issues a final rule for comment, it must describe and respond to the public comments it received.
The Department of Justice's Office of Information and Privacy (OIP) is the principal contact point within the executive branch for advice and policy guidance on matters pertaining to the administration of the FOIA. For more information, call 1-202-514-FOIA (1-202-514-3642).
Exemptions and Exclusions
Agencies may withhold information related to nine exemptions and three exclusions contained in the FOIA. The Act applies only to federal agencies and does not create a right of access to records held by Congress, the courts, or by state or local government agencies. Each state has its own public access laws.
You can search for data from a single agency or compare data from multiple agencies by exploring the FOIA data from an agency's annual FOIA report.
Regulation of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms, and Explosives
Two federal organizations regulate alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and explosives:
Alcohol and Tobacco Tax and Trade Bureau (TTB) - collects taxes on alcohol, tobacco, firearms, and ammunition excise taxes and ensures that these products meet labeling, advertising, and marketing laws. They also administer the federal laws and regulations that protect consumers.
On June 26, 2015, the Supreme Court of the United States decided by a vote of five in favor and four against, that same sex-couples have a constitutional right to marry. Any existing state laws or court decisions banning same-sex marriage became invalid and states are required to issue marriage licenses to, and recognize the marriages of, same-sex couples.