Foreclosure occurs when a homeowner is no longer able to make mortgage payments as required. This allows the lender to seize the property, removing the homeowner and selling the home, as stipulated in the mortgage contract.
Communicate With Your Lender
If you know that you are going to have trouble making your mortgage payments, contact your lender immediately and let them know you are having financial difficulties. This allows your lender time to work with you to create a plan. Remember, do not stop paying your bills, and do not wait until you cannot make payments before you act. Learn how to talk to your lender about trouble making payments.
Work With the Making Home Affordable Program
The Making Home Affordable (MHA) program provides help, including free counselors for advice and assistance with keeping you in your home or getting out safely. Visit the MHA website to learn what options you have and what you need to prepare.
MHA has a hotline you can call anytime: 1-888-995-HOPE or TTY 1-877-304-9709. You can also find a foreclosure avoidance counselor in your area.
Your state's housing agency might have a foreclosure avoidance program as well.
If you have an FHA loan, call the FHA National Servicing Center at 1-877-622-8525.
Beware of mortgage relief scams. One sign of a scam is when they ask for a fee in advance. Learn how to spot housing scams and report housing scams.
Scammers may offer to "help" you make your mortgage payments, but they’re just trying to take your money. Find out how to detect, report, and protect yourself against these scams.
These scam operators find potential victims in several ways:
- Advertising (on radio, online, and in local publications)
- Distributing flyers
- Contacting people whose homes appear in the foreclosure notices in a local newspaper
- Targeting specific religious or ethnic groups
- Making promises to help you keep or sell your home, for a fee
Report Foreclosure Scams
How to Protect Yourself from Foreclosure Scams
Get reliable foreclosure help and counseling through the government's Making Home Affordable program. Or find a government certified housing counselor near you. Read more about foreclosure scams and find phone numbers to call for help.
Learn about your legitimate government-approved mortgage and foreclosure help options. Also be aware of these tricks that scammers use:
- Don’t fall for rent-to-buy schemes or other mortgage fraud schemes.
- Don’t send mortgage payments to any company that is not your loan servicer.
- Don’t sign any documents without having them reviewed by a lawyer or independent expert.
- Don’t stop making mortgage payments.
- Don’t forget that real help from the government is always free.
- Don’t give anyone your personal information, Social Security number, or bank information. Only share this information if you've confirmed that the company is legitimate.
Refinancing your mortgage allows you to pay off your existing mortgage and take out a new mortgage on new terms. You may want to refinance your mortgage to take advantage of lower interest rates, to change your type of mortgage, or for other reasons.
These resources will help you learn more about refinancing your mortgage:
Do you have a question?
Ask a real person any government-related question for free. They'll get you the answer or let you know where to find it.
Last Updated: April 1, 2022