Most states have some form of a "lemon" law to protect car buyers in situations where they have purchased a vehicle that is defective beyond repair. These laws tend to only apply to new cars, but you should check with your state's consumer protection office to see if they also cover used cars. Each state has its own "lemon" law requirements, but overall the ability for a car to qualify as a "lemon" depends on a few things:
- Number of miles driven—The defects had to happen within a certain number of months or miles driven.
- Substantial defects—Defects have to be substantial, and involve the actual operation of the car, such as the ignitition, brakes, engine, transmission, or other major parts of the car.
- Reasonable repair attempts—You have to give mechanics multiple chances to repair the problems.
- Number of days in the shop—Your car has to have been in the mechanic's shop for a significant number of days, (generally 30 days or more) within a year.
To get your problem resolved, first contact the car manufacturer. Send the manufacturer a certified letter detailing the problems, copies of work orders and invoices, and your request for a refund or other solution. If the manufacturer doesn’t help, you still may be able to resolve the problem. Many car contracts have mandatory arbitration clauses so that may be your next step. Check with your state attorney general or consumer protection office to get the rules specific to where you live.
The Better Business Bureau (BBB) AUTO LINE is a "lemon" law complaint program that covers car warranty issues against participating manufacturers.