If you have filed your federal income taxes and expect to receive a refund, you may be eager to find out when you will receive it. You can track the status of your refund using the Internal Revenue Service's Where's My Refund tool or the mobile app, IRS2Go. These systems are updated once every 24 hours. If you prefer, you can call the IRS refund hotline to check on the status of your refund. Refunds are generally issued within 21 days of when you electronically filed your tax return or 42 days of when you filed paper returns.
- Check Your Federal Tax Refund Status
- Undelivered and Unclaimed Federal Tax Refund Checks
- Pay Federal Taxes and Resolve Tax Disputes
- Get Copies and Transcripts of Your Tax Returns
- Tax Refund Reductions - Treasury Offset Program
- Tax Liens
- Understand the IRS 5071C Identity Verification Letter to Avoid Tax ID Theft
Every year, the Internal Revenue Service (IRS) has millions of dollars in tax refunds that go undelivered or unclaimed.
Undelivered Federal Tax Refund Checks
Refund checks are mailed to your last known address. If you move without notifying the IRS or the U.S. Postal Service (USPS), your refund check may be returned to the IRS.
If you were expecting a federal tax refund and did not receive it, check the IRS' Refund Status. You'll need to enter your Social Security number, filing status, and the exact whole dollar amount of your refund. You may be prompted to change your address online. You can also call the IRS' Refund Hotline.
Unclaimed Federal Tax Refunds
If you are eligible for a federal tax refund and do not file a return, then your refund will go unclaimed. Even if you aren't required to file a return, it might benefit you to file if:
Federal taxes were withheld from your pay
You qualify for the Earned Income Tax Credit (EITC)
If you didn't file a tax return because your wages were below the filing requirement, you can still file a return within three years of the filing deadline in order to get your refund.
State Refund Checks
For information about your state tax refund check, contact your state revenue department.
There are several ways to pay your federal taxes: direct pay, debit or credit card, electronic federal tax payment system, and check or money order. Find out how to make a tax payment.
Payment Options for Back Taxes
The IRS provides these options to help you pay your tax debt:
- Call the phone number listed on any letters or documents you received from the IRS for help with tax payments. If you no longer have the letter or need help understanding the next steps you can contact the IRS.
- Get information on alternative payment plans and hardship information.
Resolve Tax Disputes
Get help resolving your tax disputes with the IRS and understanding your rights and responsibilities as a taxpayer:
- Taxpayer Advocate Service (TAS) - Find out if you are eligible for this free service by contacting TAS at 1-877-777-4778 (TTY: 1-800-829-4059) or by checking with a local taxpayer advocate.
- Low-Income Taxpayer Clinics (LITCs) - Contact a local LITC for free or low-cost services. This resource is also available to taxpayers who speak English as a second language (ESL).
- Office of Appeals - This independent organization within the IRS helps resolve your tax disputes without going to tax court. Learn whether an appeal is right for you.
Do you need a copy of your prior year tax return? If you need an exact copy of a previously filed tax return and attachments, you can get it by mailing the following items:
- A completed Form 4506.
- $50 fee for each tax return requested. The check or money order should be made payable to the United States Treasury.
A transcript, which is a computer printout of your return information, may be an acceptable substitute for an exact copy of your tax return. Instead of paying for a copy of your tax return, you can request a transcript online to get the information you need quickly. Transcripts are often used to validate income and tax filing status for mortgage applications, student and small business loan applications, and during tax preparation. Contact the IRS to obtain a free transcript. If you need federal tax returns from earlier than 3 years ago, call 1-800-908-9946 or submit a completed form 4506-T.
Contact your state's Department of Revenue to find out how to get copies of prior years' state returns.
If you owe money to a federal or state agency (including past-due child support), the federal government may deduct your debts from your federal tax refund. Known as the Treasury Offset Program (TOP), the Bureau of Fiscal Service (BFS) collects such delinquent debts (typically more than 90 days overdue) on behalf of other federal and state government agencies.
BFS will cross check your name and taxpayer information against its delinquent debtor database. If there is a match, BFS will notify you that it is deducting the amount you owe from the payment you were going to receive. BFS will send the outstanding amount to the federal or state government agency to which you owed the money. If you owe more money than the payment you were going to receive, then BFS will send the entire amount to the other government agency. If you owe less, BFS will send the agency the amount you owed, and then send you the remaining balance.
For example, if you were going to receive a $1,500 federal tax refund, but you have been delinquent on a student loan and have $1,000 outstanding, BFS will deduct $1,000 from your tax refund and send it to the U.S. Department of Education. It will also send you a notice of its action, along with the remaining $500 that was due to you as a tax refund.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) provides tips to help you understand tax refund offsets. If you believe that a deduction was made in error, you should contact the agency that said you owed money, not the IRS. Call the TOP call center at 1-800-304-3107 if you need help locating the agency you need to contact. If you have questions about this program, check out the frequently asked questions or contact the Bureau of Fiscal Service.
A tax lien is the government's legal claim against your property when you neglect, or fail, to pay a tax debt. As a tax lien can affect you in many ways, it's helpful to know the steps you can take to find a solution.
How a Tax Lien Affects You
- Assets - A lien attaches to all of your assets (property, securities, vehicles) and to future assets acquired during the period of the lien.
- Credit - Tax liens can show up on your credit report, making it more difficult for you to get a loan, or buy and sell property.
- Business - A lien is tied to all business property and to all rights to business property, including accounts receivable.
- Bankruptcy - If you file for bankruptcy, your tax debt, lien, and all public documents alerting creditors that the government has a right to your property may continue after the bankruptcy.
How to Get Rid of a Tax Lien
Paying your tax debt in full is the best way to get rid of a tax lien. The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) will release a federal tax lien within 30 days after you have paid your tax debt. However, there are other options to reduce the impact of a tax lien:
- Discharge of property - A discharge removes the lien from selected property, but there are several Internal Revenue Code (IRC) conditions. For more information, refer to Publication 783, Instructions on How to Apply for Certificate of Discharge From Federal Tax Lien.
- Subordination - While subordination does not remove the lien, it allows other creditors to move ahead of the IRS, which may make it easier to get a loan or mortgage. To learn more, read Publication 784, Instructions on How to Apply for a Certificate of Subordination of Federal Tax Lien.
- Withdrawal - A withdrawal removes the public Notice of Federal Tax Lien and assures that the IRS is not competing with other creditors for your property. But you are still liable for the amount due. For eligibility, refer to Form 12277, Application for the Withdrawal of Filed Form 668(Y), Notice of Federal Tax Lien, Internal Revenue Code Section 6323j.
For assistance removing a state tax lien, contact your state revenue department. To help release a local government tax lien, contact your local government tax entity.
Help with Tax Liens
Centralized Lien Operation
To resolve basic and routine lien issues, such as verifying a lien, requesting a lien payoff amount, or releasing a lien, call or write to:
Internal Revenue Service
Lien Processing Unit
PO Box 145595
Cincinnati OH 45250-5595
IRS Video Portal
Watch informational videos on various tax lien issues, including lien notice withdrawal, selling or refinancing when there is an IRS lien, and applying to the IRS for a lean discharge or subordination.
The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) stops and flags suspicious or duplicate federal tax returns that falsely represent your identity and use your name or Social Security number. Tax ID theft occurs when someone uses your Social Security number to get a tax refund or a job. If the IRS suspects tax ID theft, the agency will send a 5071C letter to the address on the federal tax return.
The 5071C letter is a legitimate letter from the IRS that provides instructions to verify that you submitted the tax return in question, and prevent identity theft. Scammers may be aware of this verification method, so it’s important to take steps to avoid tax scams and fraud. Remember, the IRS will never start contact with you by sending an email, text, or social media message that asks for personal or financial information.
If you receive a 5071C letter, verify your identity on the IRS' secure Identity Verification Service website, idverify.irs.gov or call the toll-free number listed in your letter. You will be asked a series of questions to verify your identity. You will also be asked to confirm whether or not you filed the federal tax return in question.
You will need the following documents to verify your identity when you access the website or call:
- Your previous year's federal tax return
- Your current year's federal tax return, if you've already filed it
- Supporting documents from this year's federal tax return, such as Form W-2, Form 1099, and Schedules A and C
If you are a victim of state tax ID theft, contact your state's taxation department or comptroller's office about the next steps you need to take.
How to Report 5071C Letter Scams
Although the 5071C letter is a legitimate IRS document, some scammers may be aware of this verification method and try to scam you.
If you receive a letter, notice, or form via paper mail or fax that you suspect is from someone pretending to be from the IRS, report it to the Treasury Inspector General for Tax Administration (TIGTA) or firstname.lastname@example.org.
How to Protect Yourself
Follow these steps to protect yourself from 5071C letter scams:
Look for the letter number in the upper corner of the page.
- Don’t open email that claims to be a 5071C letter or claims to verify your tax return. The IRS does not send this letter or verify your identity via email.
- Don't verify your information in response to a phone call. The IRS will not call you to verify this information, without having sent you the letter first.
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Last Updated: November 06, 2017