Midterm, State, and Local Elections

Upcoming Elections for 2018

While 2018 is not a Presidential election year, there are many other races coming up that can impact your life at the local, state, and federal level.


Congressional Elections and Midterm Elections

Congressional elections affect your state's representation in Congress. Congress is the legislative branch of the federal government that includes the House of Representatives and the Senate. Learn more about how the three branches of the federal government function

Midterm elections are the federal elections in which voters choose members of Congress but not a new President. These elections are held halfway between Presidential elections. Voters elect one-third of all U.S. Senators and all 435 members of the U.S. House of Representatives during the midterm elections. The next congressional elections are midterm elections and will be held in November 2018. 

U.S. House of Representatives

Members of the U.S. House of Representatives serve two-year terms, which means that all 435 Representatives are elected in both midterm and Presidential election years. The number of Representatives per state is based proportionally on the state’s population. Each Representative serves the citizens of a specific congressional district. To be elected, a Representative must be at least 25 years old, a U.S. citizen for at least seven years, and live in the state he or she represents. 

U.S. Senate 

Senators serve six-year, overlapping terms. One-third of all U.S. Senators are elected during each midterm and each Presidential election year. There are 100 U.S. Senators, two from each state. To be eligible to be elected, a Senator must be at least 30 years old, a U.S. citizen for at least nine years, and live in the state he or she represents.

State and Local Elections

State and local elections can take place in any year, at various times throughout the year. Elections may be held for offices like the state’s governor, seats in the state legislature, a city’s mayor, judges, local officials, or for other reasons. Ballot initiatives that affect the laws, taxes, and budget of your state, county, or town may be up for vote at local and state elections.

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Last Updated: July 19, 2017

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