Register to Vote

Find voter eligibility requirements and information on registering to vote in person, early and absentee.

Register to Vote

If you need to register to vote, visit Vote.USA.gov. Depending on your state’s voter registration rules, the site can help you:

  • Register online. This is available for 31 states plus the District of Columbia.
  • Download the National Mail Voter Registration Form. You can fill it out onscreen and print the completed form, or print the blank form and fill it out by hand. Remember to sign the form before mailing it to the location listed for your state.
  • Find guidance for states and territories with different registration procedures.

                                                                  Start Your Voter Registration

Register to Vote in Person

You may be able to register to vote at public facilities. Check with your state or territory election office before heading to any of these locations:

Overseas Voters

If you are outside the U.S., you can get information online from the Federal Voting Assistance Program (FVAP) or call an international FVAP hotline.

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Voter Identification, Name/Address Changes, Party Affiliation Requirements

There are nearly as many variations in voter registration requirements as there are states and territories in the U.S. It's usually best to check with your state or territory election office to be sure you're meeting its specifications.

States generally have similar ways of handling important voter registration issues including: 

  • Voter identification requirements
  • Name and address changes
  • Party affiliation

 Find answers to some common voter registration questions

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Voter Eligibility

Basic Requirements

To vote in a federal election in the United States, potential voters must meet certain requirements. No matter which state you live in, you are eligible to vote if:

  • You are a U.S. citizen.
  • You meet your state’s residency requirements.
  • You are 18 years old. Some states allow 17-year-olds to vote in primaries and/or register to vote if they will be 18 before the general election.

Voter Registration Deadlines

Some states require you to register at least 30 days prior to the election, while a few allow you to register on Election Day itself.

Primaries and Caucuses

General Election

Additional Requirements by State

Many states have additional requirements, such as specific types of identification that you must show at your voting site before being allowed to vote.

Election Assistance Commission Resources

You can also visit the Election Assistance Commission (EAC) interactive map with voter information by state.

  • Select your state to learn whether it offers online voter registration.

The EAC also maintains the National Mail Voter Registration Form. The form contains voter registration rules and regulations for each state and territory.

The EAC’s voter resources page provides a quick checklist to help ensure you meet your state’s voting requirements and have a seamless experience on Election Day.

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Absentee and Early Voting

Sometimes circumstances might make it difficult or impossible for you to vote on Election Day. But your state may allow you to cast your ballot during a designated early voting period.

Registered voters from every state can request an absentee ballot to vote. However, some states require an excuse to vote absentee.

Members of the United States military, their spouses, and eligible family members routinely request absentee ballots when stationed outside their state of permanent residence.

How do I vote when I am away from home?

  • You can vote by absentee ballot, which allows you to vote before the election.
  • You can return the ballot by mail to your local election officials.

How can I get an absentee ballot?

How can I get an absentee ballot if I'm outside the United States?

Military Voting

  • Members of the military stationed overseas or outside their legal voting residence always have the right to vote absentee. 
    • Military spouses and other eligible family members are also allowed to vote absentee, under the same law that protects the military member’s right to vote.
  • Visit the Federal Voting Assistance Program for more information on deadline extensions and how to request an absentee ballot.

Early Voting and In-Person Absentee Voting

  • The majority of states have early voting, which allows registered voters to cast their ballot during a designated period prior to Election Day.
  • States with early voting do not require voters to submit an excuse explaining why they need to vote early.
  • Some states don’t have early voting, but do have in-person absentee voting, which may allow you to cast your vote early as well. But in-person absentee voting will require you to obtain an absentee ballot, and may require an excuse accepted by your state.
  • The designated time period for early or in-person absentee voting varies from state to state. The best place to check the timeframes and rules for early voting and in-person absentee voting is your state/territorial election office website.

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