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Do You Need to File a Tax Return?

Find out if you need to file a tax return, and learn how to file taxes if you live abroad.

Do I Need to File a Tax Return?

You may not have to file a federal income tax return if your income is below a certain amount. But, you must file a tax return to claim a refundable tax credit or a refund for withheld income tax. Find out if you have to file a tax return.

Filing Tax Returns When Living Abroad

U.S. citizens or Green Card holders living abroad must pay U.S. income tax on their worldwide income.

How to File

When to File

Where to File

  • If you’re living outside the U.S., you can mail your return or use e-file.
  • Learn where to mail your return if you are expecting a refund or if you owe money to the IRS.

Where to Get Tax Preparation Help While Living Abroad

Taxpayer service is no longer available at foreign posts of duty. Instead, use the International Taxpayer Service Call Center.

Find More Resources for Taxpayers Living Abroad

Nonresidents Filing Tax Returns in the U.S.

If you are a nonresident living and earning money in the United States, you may be required to file a U.S. tax return.

Who Files 

You will need to file a U.S. tax return depending on your:

Review this list of five situations to learn more about who must file

How to File

More Tax Help for Nonresidents

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Last Updated: January 14, 2020