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Do You Need to File a Tax Return?

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Do I Need to File a Tax Return?

You may not have to file a federal income tax return if your income is below a certain amount. But, you must file a tax return to claim a refundable tax credit or a refund for withheld income tax. Find out if you have to file a tax return.

If you find out you need to file a tax return, learn how the process works, when your return is due, and more.

Coronavirus Unemployment Benefits and Economic Impact Payments (EIP)

You may have received unemployment benefits or an EIP (stimulus check) in 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.

Unemployment compensation is considered taxable income. You must report unemployment benefits on your tax return if you are required to file. 

If you received the EIP, you do not need to report it as income whether you’re required to file a tax return or not. If you did not receive some or all of your stimulus payments, you may claim missing stimulus money that you are owed by filing for a Recovery Rebate Credit on your 2021 return.

Filing Tax Returns in the U.S. if You Are Not a Citizen

If you are not a U.S. citizen but are living and earning money in the U.S., you may be required to file a tax return.

Find Out If You Have to File a U.S. Tax Return

If you are living in the U.S. and earning money but are not a citizen, you may need to file a U.S. tax return depending on your:

Review this list of five situations to learn more about who must file

How To File Your Tax Return if You’re Not a U.S. Citizen

Additional Tax Help for People Who Are Not U.S. Citizens

Learn more from the IRS's tax guide for individuals who aren't citizens.

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Last Updated: January 4, 2023